American Chemical Society
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Antibody-Coupled Magnetic Beads Can Be Reused in Immuno-MRM Assays To Reduce Cost and Extend Antibody Supply

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posted on 2015-10-02, 00:00 authored by Lei Zhao, Jeffrey R. Whiteaker, Uliana J. Voytovich, Richard G. Ivey, Amanda G. Paulovich
Immunoaffinity enrichment of peptides coupled to targeted, multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (immuno-MRM) enables precise quantification of peptides. Affinity-purified polyclonal antibodies are routinely used as affinity reagents in immuno-MRM assays, but they are not renewable, limiting the number of experiments that can be performed. In this technical note, we describe a workflow to regenerate anti-peptide polyclonal antibodies coupled to magnetic beads for enrichments in multiplex immuno-MRM assays. A multiplexed panel of 44 antibodies (targeting 60 peptides) is used to show that peptide analytes can be effectively stripped off of antibodies using acid washing without compromising assay performance. The performance of the multiplexed panel (determined by correlation, agreement, and precision of reused assays) is reproducible (R2 between 0.81 and 0.99) and consistent (median CVs 8–15%) for at least 10 times of washing and reuse. Application of this workflow to immuno-MRM studies greatly reduces per sample assay cost and increases the number of samples that can be interrogated with a limited supply of polyclonal antibody reagent. This allows more characterization for promising and desirable targets prior to committing funds and efforts to conversion to a renewable monoclonal antibody.