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Anti-inflammatory Meroterpenoids from Baeckea frutescens

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posted on 28.07.2017, 17:08 by Ji-Qin Hou, Cui Guo, Jian-Juan Zhao, Yang-Yang Dong, Xiao-Long Hu, Qi-Wei He, Bao-Bao Zhang, Ming Yan, Hao Wang
Frutescones H–R (111), new sesqui- or monoterpene-based meroterpenoids, were isolated from the aerial parts of Baeckea frutescens. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by means of spectroscopic analyses (HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and ECD), as well as single-crystal X-ray crystallography of 1, (−)-7, and 9. The anti-inflammatory activities of all isolates were evaluated by measuring their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, and the structure–activity relationships of 111 are also discussed. Compound 8 exhibited anti-inflammatory activity with an IC50 value of 0.36 μM, which might be related to the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway via the suppression of p65 nuclear translocation and the consequent decrease of IL-6 and TNF-α.