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Anomalous Stereochemistry of Pyrazolato-3,5-dicarboxylato-Bridged Dinuclear Chromate(III) Complexes Containing Ethylenediamine-N,N-dicarboxylates with Entrapped Unstable Conformations:  X-ray Structure of Na[Cr2(eddp)(μ-pzdc)]·6H2O

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posted on 21.11.2000, 00:00 by Narumi Sakagami-Yoshida, Masahiro Teramoto, Ayako Hioki, Akira Fuyuhiro, Sumio Kaizaki
Several new pyrazolato-3,5-dicarboxylato (pzdc) bridged dinuclear chromate(III) complexes containing linear tetradentate O−N−N−O type ligands were synthesized and structurally characterized. Among them, the X-ray structure of the eddp complex Na[Cr2(eddp)(μ-pzdc)]·6H2O (eddp = ethylenediamine-N,N‘-dipropionate) was determined to have a (sym-cis)−(unsym-cis) geometrical configuration with intramolecular three-center hydrogen bonds, entrapping the unfavored sym-cis configuration for the Cr(eddp) moiety as well as the favored unsym-cis one. As a pair of positional disorders, there were also found to be two conformational isomers with respect to the absolute configurations of the coordinated asymmetric nitrogen atom at the G (in-plane) ring for the unsym-cis moiety. Moreover, chiral pzdc-bridged dinuclear complexes with another type of O−N−N−O ligand, 1,2-cyclohexanediamine-N,N‘-diacetate (cdda), were successfully synthesized, isolated, and characterized by column chromatographic behavior, elemental analysis, and chiroptical spectra. There were two diastereomers for Na[(R,R-cdda)Cr(μ-pzdc)Cr(S,S-cdda)] and only one isomer for Na[(R,R-cdda)Cr(μ-pzdc)Cr(R,S-cdda)] and Na[(R,R-cdda)Cr(μ-pzdc)Cr(edda)] (R,R- or S,S- and R,S-cdda = R,R-trans- or S,S-trans- and R,S-cis-1,2-cyclohexanediamine-N,N‘-diacetate, and edda = ethylenediamine-N,N‘-diacetate). From their circular dichroism (CD) spectra, these complexes could exhibit the Δ−Δ absolute configuration with {(sym-cis-R,R-cdda)−(unsym-cis-edda or S,S- or R,S-cdda)} geometrical configuration, indicating the abnormal eq−eq (N−Ceq) configuration for the R,R-cdda. The comparison among the CD spectra of the {(cdda)−(cdda)} complexes revealed that two diastereomers of the {(R,R-cdda)−(S,S-cdda)} complex correspond to the conformational isomers resulting from the difference in geometrical orientations of the secondary amine protons on two coordinated asymmetric nitrogen atoms with the opposite absolute configuration in the unsym-cis-S,S-cdda moiety. In a series of the pzdc-bridged Cr(III) complexes the anomalous conformations in two different geometrical configurations could be entrapped probably owing to stereognostic coordination through the intramolecular N−H···O hydrogen bond interaction.