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Anion Modules: Building Blocks of Supramolecular Assemblies by Combination with π-Conjugated Anion Receptors

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posted on 15.06.2011, 00:00 by Hiromitsu Maeda, Kazumasa Naritani, Yoshihito Honsho, Shu Seki
Dipyrrolyldiketone boron complexes, as π-conjugated acyclic anion receptors, act as building subunits of various assemblies through noncovalent interactions in the form of receptor–anion complexes. Instead of, or in addition to, the modification of receptor structures, the introduction of anion modules as building blocks for the assemblies was found to be useful in forming various soft materials. Gallic carboxylate derivatives 3-n (n = 16, 18, 20), as tetrabutylammonium (TBA) salts, form receptor–anion-module complexes that can be used to fabricate supramolecular assemblies. Combinations of aliphatic anion modules 3-n and receptors 1a,b along with a TBA cation afforded products with mesophases, which were indicated by differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscopy. X-ray diffraction measurements of the solid states and mesophases of 1a·3-n·TBA and 1b·3-n·TBA revealed highly ordered structures including lamellar structures, which could be modulated by the lengths of the alkyl chains of the modules. Functional materials exhibiting electrical conductivity were fabricated by using combinations of anionic building blocks that form assemblies by themselves and π-conjugated acyclic receptors.