Anion-Binding Properties of a Cyclic Pseudohexapeptide Containing 1,5-Disubstituted 1,2,3-Triazole Subunits
datasetposted on 02.09.2011, 00:00 by Martin R. Krause, Richard Goddard, Stefan Kubik
A C3 symmetric cyclic pseudohexapeptide containing 2-aminopicoline-derived subunits and 1,5-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazole rings is introduced as a potent anion receptor. This macrocycle was designed to mimic both the conformation and the receptor properties of a previously described cyclic hexapeptide containing alternating l-proline and 6-aminopicolinic acid subunits. Conformational analyses demonstrate that the cyclic peptide and the cyclic pseudopeptide are structurally closely related. Most importantly, both exhibit a converging arrangement of the NH groups, hence a good preorganization for anion binding. As a consequence, the pseudopeptide also very efficiently interacts with halide and sulfate ions, and this is the case even in competitive aqueous solvent mixtures. However, there are clear differences in the structures of both compounds, which translate into characteristic differences in receptor properties. Specifically, (i) the pseudopeptide possesses an anion affinity intrinsically higher than that of the cyclopeptide, (ii) the pseudopeptide is well preorganized for anion binding in a wider range of solvents from aprotic to protic, (iii) anion affinity in aprotic solvents is very high and associated with complexation equilibria that are slow on the NMR time-scale, (iv) the propensity of the pseudopeptide to form sandwich-type 2:1 complexes with two receptor molecules surrounding one anion is significantly lower than that of the cyclopeptide. A solvent-dependent calorimetric characterization of the binding equilibria of both compounds provided clear evidence for the stabilizing effect of hydrophobic interactions between the receptor subunits in such 2:1 complexes. The pseudopeptide thus represents the first member of a new family of anion receptors whose properties may be fine-tuned by varying the side chains in the periphery of the cavity.