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Aluminum-Catalyzed Selective Hydroboration of Nitriles and Alkynes: A Multifunctional Catalyst

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posted on 23.03.2020, 16:34 by Nabin Sarkar, Subhadeep Bera, Sharanappa Nembenna
The reaction of LH [L = {(ArNH)­(ArN)–C=N–C=(NAr)­(NHAr)}; Ar =2,6-Et2-C6H3] with a commercially available alane amine adduct (H3Al·NMe2Et) in toluene resulted in the formation of a conjugated bis-guanidinate (CBG)-supported aluminum dihydride complex, i.e., LAlH2 (1), in good yield. The new complex has been thoroughly characterized by multinuclear magnetic resonance, IR, mass, and elemental analyses, including single-crystal structural studies. Further, we have demonstrated the aluminum-catalyzed hydroboration of a variety of nitriles and alkynes. Moreover, aluminum-catalyzed hydroboration is expanded to more challenging substrates such as alkene, pyridine, imine, carbodiimide, and isocyanides. More importantly, we have shown that the aluminum dihydride catalyzed both intra- and intermolecular chemoselective hydroboration of nitriles and alkynes over other reducible functionalities for the first time.