American Chemical Society
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Allenylidene/Alkenylcarbyne Synthesis and Reactivity in Ruthenium Complexes with Monodentate Phosphine Ligands

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posted on 2009-03-09, 00:00 authored by Jose Angel Pino-Chamorro, Emilio Bustelo, M. Carmen Puerta, Pedro Valerga
An alternative reactivity mode of electron-rich allenylidene complexes via alkenylcarbyne species is reported for the first time in ruthenium complexes bearing monodentate phosphine ligands (triethylphosphine). Allenylidene complexes have been prepared and characterized from [Cp*RuCl(PEt3)2] and a series of propargyl alcohols bearing different substituents (HCCCRR′(OH), where R, R′ = Ph, Ph; R = H, R′ = p-MeO-C6H4, C6H5, p-F-C6H4). Alkenylcarbyne complexes are prepared by protonation of the allenylidene precursors. The X-ray structures of one secondary allenylidene (R, R′ = H, Ph) and one alkenylcarbyne complex (R, R′ = Ph, Ph) constitute the first examples for ruthenium complexes bearing monodentate phosphine ligands. Neutral alkynyl, cationic γ-substituted vinylidene, and bicyclic carbene complexes have been isolated and characterized as a result of the allenylidene/alkenylcarbyne reactivity against anionic and neutral (protic and aprotic) nucleophiles. The cycloaddition products obtained by double addition of 1,3-cyclohexanedione and resorcinol (benzene-1,3-diol) to both allenylidene double bonds and the analysis of the effects of including electron-donor or -withdrawing groups in the allenylidene/alkenylcarbyne reactivity are reported.