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Alkaline Earth Metal Compounds of Methylpyridinato β‑Diketiminate Ligands and Their Catalytic Application in Hydroboration of Aldehydes and Ketones

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posted on 03.12.2018, 18:04 authored by Sandeep Yadav, Ruchi Dixit, Milan Kumar Bisai, Kumar Vanka, Sakya S. Sen
Ever increasing demand for green and sustainable chemical processes has set up a drive to replace transition metals with earth-abundant, nontoxic, and environmentally benign alternatives. In this regard, the alkaline earth metal complexes have attracted significant attention. Herein, we have used a β-diketiminato ligand with methyl-pyridine side arm to synthesize magnesium (1) and calcium (2) compounds. The constitutions of 1 and 2 have been confirmed by single crystal X-ray studies, which show that the magnesium and calcium atom in 1 and 2 possesses octahedral geometry. Subsequently, we have used them as catalysts (1 mol %) for hydroboration of a wide range of aldehydes using pinacolborane (HBpin) at room temperature. The strategy has further been extended to ketones with 2 mol % catalyst loading. DFT calculations have been performed to understand the mechanism.