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Adsorption of Harmful Organic Vapors by Flexible Hydrophobic Bis-pyrazolate Based MOFs

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posted on 09.03.2010, 00:00 authored by S. Galli, N. Masciocchi, V. Colombo, A. Maspero, G. Palmisano, F. J. López-Garzón, M. Domingo-García, I. Fernández-Morales, E. Barea, J. A. R. Navarro
Highly porous homoleptic Ni(bpb) and Zn(bpb) materials have been obtained by reaction of nickel(II) and zinc(II) salts with the deprotonated form of the 1,4-(4-bispyrazolyl)benzene ligand (H2bpb). Ab-initio structure solution methods and thermodiffractometry have allowed the determination of their crystal structures, framework flexibility, and thermal stability. The different stereochemical requirements of the Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions induce, in Ni(bpb) and Zn(bpb), rhombic and square channels, respectively, accounting for 57 and 65% of the total cell volume. The two materials feature high adsorption capacities toward small gaseous molecules (N2 and Ar at 77 K, CO2 and CH4 at 273 K), peaking at 22 mmol g−1 of N2 in the case of the zinc(II) derivative, which is reflected by a very large surface area (above 2000 m2 g−1). The flexibility, size, and hydrophobic nature of their channels are adequate also for the incorporation of organic vapors. In this regard, the adsorption of benzene and cyclohexane has been studied under static conditions at 303 K, while that of thiophene has been investigated in dynamic conditions, by measurement, at 298 K, of the breakthrough curves of a flow of CH4/CO2 containing 30 ppm of thiophene. Ni(bpb) and Zn(bpb) are outperforming adsorbents, uptaking up to 0.34 g of thiophene per gram of material. The presence of humidity (60%), which is a major drawback for practical applications of MOFs, does not significantly affect the performance of Ni(bpb) in the removal of thiophene, at variance with Zn(bpb) and HKUST-1, Cu3(btc)2 (btc = benzene-1,3,5-tricarboxylate), which become ineffective in the presence of moisture. Additional XRPD studies have been performed on benzene-loaded Ni(bpb) samples in order to shed some light on the affinity of this material for aromatic guests.