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Abatement of Organic Contaminants by Mn(VII)/TEMPOs: Effects of TEMPOs Structure, Organic Contaminant Speciation, and Active Oxidizing Species

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posted on 2022-06-24, 15:06 authored by Honglong Zhang, Zhenyu Shi, Jun Ma, Fuyi Cui, Jing Zhang, Timothy J. Strathmann
In this study, a representative redox mediator, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl (TEMPO), and its para-substituted derivatives (TEMPOs: 4-hydroxyl-TEMPO, 4-acetylamino-TEMPO, and 4-amino-TEMPO) significantly accelerated the abatement of trace organic contaminants (TrOCs, i.e., bisphenol-A (BPA), phenol, amines, and phenylbutazone) by Mn­(VII) over a wide pH range of 4.0–9.0. The addition of substituents at para to the > N–O moiety significantly influenced the degradation kinetics of TrOCs by changing the reduction potentials of TEMPOs and the corresponding oxoammonium cations (TEMPOs+); a linear relationship was observed between the substituents’ para Hammett sigma constants and the reduction potentials of TEMPOs and TEMPOs+. Pseudo-first-order reaction rate constants (kobs, min–1) of TrOC degradation by Mn­(VII)/TEMPOs were also affected by the pKa of the TrOCs. Generally, the highest kobs values for individual TrOCs were observed at pH near the pKa even for TEMPOs+ with relatively pH-invariant reduction potentials. Overall, TrOC abatement kinetics were related to a combination of reactive species (Mn­(VII), in situ formed MnO2, and TEMPOs+). For BPA, the relative contributions (R) of reactive species ranked as R­(TEMPOs+) > R­(Mn­(VII)) > R­(in situ formed MnO2) at pH 4.0–8.0, whereas R­(Mn­(VII)) > R­(TEMPOs+) at pH 9.0 mainly owing to a change in BPA speciation as the pH approached the pKa1 value for BPA. The results of this study are useful for the development of heterogeneous TEMPO-based redox mediators and future applications of TEMPO-mediated oxidation systems for accelerated abatement of TrOCs in water.

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