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A Homologous Series of [Fe(H2Bpz2)2(L)] Spin-Crossover Complexes with Annelated Bipyridyl Co-Ligands

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posted on 2014-09-15, 00:00 authored by Rafal Kulmaczewski, Helena J. Shepherd, Oscar Cespedes, Malcolm A. Halcrow
Four new iron­(II) complexes [Fe­(H2Bpz2)2(L)] were prepared (pz = pyrazolyl), where L is dipyrido­[3,2-f:2′,3′-h]­quinoxaline (dpq), dipyrido­[3,2-a:2′3′-c]­phenazine (dppz), dipyrido­[3,2-a:2′3′-c]­benzo­[i]-phenazine (dppn), and dipyrido­[3,2-a:2′,3′-c]­(6,7,8,9-tetrahydro)­phenazine (dppc). Crystal structures of [Fe­(H2Bpz2)2(dpq)], [Fe­(H2Bpz2)2(dppz)], and [Fe­(H2Bpz2)2(dppn)] all reveal stacks of complex molecules formed through π–π stacking between interdigitated bipyridyl chelate ligands, often with additional intercalated toluene or uncoordinated bipyridyl ligand (dpq). Molecules of [Fe­(H2Bpz2)2(dppc)] form a different stacking motif in the crystal, with weaker contacts between individual molecules. Many of the structures also contain channels of disordered solvent, running between the molecular stacks. Despite their different stacking motifs, all these compounds exhibit very gradual thermal spin-crossover (SCO) on cooling, which occur over different temperature ranges but are otherwise quite similar in form. Weak thermal hysteresis in one of these spin equilibria can be attributed to the effects of a change in bipyridyl ligand conformation in the molecular stacks around 150 K, which was observed crystallographically. These results demonstrate that strong mechanical coupling between molecules in a crystal is not sufficient to engineer cooperative SCO switching, if other regions of the lattice are less densely packed.

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