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A Combined Experimental and DFT/TD-DFT Investigation of Structural, Electronic, and Cation-Induced Switching of Photophysical Properties of Bimetallic Ru(II) and Os(II) Complexes Derived from Imidazole-4,5-Dicarboxylic Acid and 2,2′-Bipyridine

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posted on 19.02.2016, 06:00 by Shyamal Das, Srikanta Karmakar, Debasish Saha, Sujoy Baitalik
Experimental results coupled with computational studies were utilized to investigate the structural and electronic properties of mixed-ligand bimetallic ruthenium­(II) and osmium­(II) complexes of composition [(bpy)2M­(Imdc)­M­(bpy)2]+ [M = RuII (1) and M = OsII (2)], where H3Imdc = imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylic acid and bpy = 2,2′-bipyridine. The X-ray crystal structures of both the bimetallic complexes were determined which showed that compound 1 crystallizes in monoclinic form with space group P2­(1)/c, while 2 is obtained in orthorhombic form with the space group Pca2­(1). The optimized geometrical parameters for the complexes computed both in the gas phase and in solution are reported and compared with the single-crystal X-ray data. The absorption spectra, redox behaviors, and luminescence properties of the complexes were thoroughly investigated. The complexes display very intense, ligand-centered absorption bands in the UV and moderately intense MLCT bands in the visible regions. While the Ru­(II) complex displays moderately strong luminescence, the corresponding Os­(II) complex does not luminesce at room temperature. Both the bimetallic complexes show two successive one-electron reversible metal-centered oxidations. The effect of alkali, alkaline earth, and transition metal cations on the absorption and emission spectral behavior of the complexes has also been studied in detail. As compared to the luminescence intensities and the quantum yields of the free complexes, those of the complexes were enhanced substantially in the presence of selective cations showing cation-induced molecular switching behaviors. Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) studies provide insight into the nature of the ground and excited states with resulting detailed assignments of the orbitals involved in absorption and emission transitions. In particular, the blue-shifts of the absorption and emission bands in the presence of cations are also reproduced by our calculations.