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2,7-Substituted Hexafluoroheterofluorenes as Potential Building Blocks for Electron Transporting Materials

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posted on 16.01.2009, 00:00 by Katharine Geramita, Jennifer McBee, T. Don Tilley
A series of 2,7-substituted hexafluoro-9-heterofluorenes was synthesized via nucleophilic aromatic substitution (SNArF) reactions of phenyllithium, thienyllithium, and lithium phenylacetylide with various octafluoroheterofluorenes and 2,2′-dibromooctafluorobiphenyl. These compounds are of interest as possible building blocks for materials with useful electron transport properties, since they possess relatively low LUMO energy levels. The HOMO−LUMO energy gaps, as determined by UV−vis spectroscopy, range between 3.0 and 3.9 eV, while photoluminescence emission spectra reveal λems values in the range of 365 to 420 nm (corresponding to ultraviolet to violet/blue emission). Dilute solution state quantum yields vary significantly with the nature of the heteroatom and the 2,7-substituents, and approach unity for a number of the di(phenylethynyl) derivatives. The experimentally determined LUMO energy levels (−2.7 to −3.3 eV as determined by differential pulse voltammetry) suggest that these compounds may be good candidates for electron transport applications. Single-crystal X-ray analyses of a number of compounds revealed cofacial packing in all cases, with intermolecular distances as short as 3.4 Å.