Trapped Exciton–Polariton Condensate by Spatial Confinement in a Perovskite Microcavity

Lead halide perovskites exhibit good performance in room-temperature exciton–polariton lasers and efficient flow of polariton condensates. Shaping and directing polariton condensates by confining the potential is essential for polariton-based optoelectronic devices, which have seldom been explored based on perovskite materials. Here, we investigate the trapping of polaritons in micron-sized CsPbBr3 flakes embedded in a microcavity by varying the negative detuning energy (from −36 to −172 meV) at room temperature. The confinement by the crystal edge results in quantized polariton states both below and above the condensed threshold. As the cavity is more negatively detuned (Δ ≤ −118 meV), the condensed polaritons undergo a transition from the ground state to metastable states with a finite group velocity (∼50 μm/ps at Δ = −118 meV). The metastable polariton condensates can be optically and stably driven between different polariton states by simply changing the pump fluence. The manipulations of the polariton states reveal the effective control of polariton relaxation in quantized polariton states by the underlying exciton–polariton and polariton–polariton scattering. Our findings pave the way for novel polaritonic light sources and integrated polariton devices through the trap engineering of perovskite microcavities.