Total Synthesis of (−)-Blepharocalyxin D and Analogues

An efficient strategy for the total synthesis of (−)-blepharocalyxin D and an analogue is described. The key step involves an acid-mediated cascade process in which reaction of methyl 3,3-dimethoxypropanoate with γ,δ-unsaturated alcohols possessing diastereotopic styrenyl groups gives trans-fused bicyclic lactones with the creation of two rings and four stereocenters in one pot.