The Least Stable Isomer of BN Naphthalene: Toward Predictive Trends for the Optoelectronic Properties of BN Acenes

The least stable isomer of the parental BN naphthalene series has been synthesized in a simple four-step sequence. Its experimental electronic structure characterization via UV-PES, cyclic voltammetry, and UV–vis spectroscopy in direct comparison with three other known BN naphthalene isomers has established two guiding principles for predicting the electronic structures of BN acene compounds: (1) Orientational BN isomers have similar HOMO–LUMO gaps. (2) For each pair of orientational BN isomers, the more thermodynamically stable compound has the lower HOMO energy. Furthermore, we demonstrate that BN/CC isosterism in the context of BN-9,1-Naph can impact crystal packing to favor a cofacial π-stack motif.