The Influence of Interfacial Effects on the Photophysics of Rhodamine 6G Thin Films on a Poly(vinylidene fluoride) Surface

2017-02-14T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Matthew Mullen William B. Euler
The spectral response of ultrathin films of rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) cast onto polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF) coated glass slides is studied to investigate a perceived fluorescence emission enhancement. Varying the thickness of the Rh6G layer (submonolayer to multiple layers) on the PVDF layer revealed the existence of multiple Rh6G species on the surface, similar to previous reports on glass. Excitation spectra show that J-type excitons are not responsible for an emission enhancement. Trends in the fluorescence emission intensity show that the surface roughness of the PVDF layer prevents the Rh6G molecules from organizing the way they would on a smooth glass surface. The PVDF surface roughness preserves the emissive monomers and excited-state excimers of Rh6G while reducing the self-quenching of aggregates. Coupled with this is an internal reflection effect that causes light to be trapped between the Rh6G/PVDF and PVDF/glass interfaces. This effect leads to multiple absorption events, and thus more efficient use of the incident light.