Temperature Dependence of the Qy Resonance Raman Spectra of Bacteriochlorophylls, the Primary Electron Donor, and Bacteriopheophytins in the Bacterial Photosynthetic Reaction Center

Qy-excited resonance Raman spectra of the accessory bacteriochlorophylls (B), the bacteriopheophytins (H), and the primary electron donor (P) in the bacterial photosynthetic reaction center (RC) of Rhodobacter sphaeroides have been obtained at 95 and 278 K. Frequency and intensity differences are observed in the low-frequency region of the P vibrational spectrum when the sample is cooled from 278 to 95 K. The B and H spectra exhibit minimal changes of frequencies and relative intensities as a function of temperature. The mode patterns in the Raman spectra of B and H differ very little from Raman spectra of the chromophores in vitro. The Raman scattering cross sections of B and H are 6−7 times larger than those for analogous modes of P at 278 K. The cross sections of B and of H are 3−4 times larger at 95 K than at 278 K, while the cross sections of P are approximately constant with temperature. The temperature dependence of the Raman cross sections for B and H suggests that pure dephasing arising from coupling to low-frequency solvent/protein modes is important in the damping of their excited states. The weak Raman cross sections of the special pair suggest that the excited state of P is damped by very rapid (<30 fs) electronic relaxation processes. These resonance Raman spectra provide information for developing multimode vibronic models of the excited-state structure and dynamics of the chromophores in the RC.