Synthesis of Triazoles from Nonactivated Terminal Alkynes via the Three-Component Coupling Reaction Using a Pd(0)−Cu(I) Bimetallic Catalyst

The synthesis of triazoles via the three-component coupling reaction of unactivated terminal alkynes, allyl carbonate, and trimethylsiyl azide under the Pd(0)−Cu(I) bimetallic catalyst is developed. The reaction most probably proceeds through the formation of a π-allylpalladium azide complex and a copper-acetylide followed by a successive [3 + 2] cycloaddition. The deallylation of the resulting allyltriazoles proceeds very easily by the Ru-catalyzed isomerization followed by the ozonolysis of the resulting propenyltriazoles to give the triazoles in high yields.