Synthesis of Symmetrical Organic Carbonates via Significantly Enhanced Alkylation of Metal Carbonates with Alkyl Halides/Sulfonates in Ionic Liquid

2005-12-23T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Yogesh R. Jorapur Dae Yoon Chi
We report a new phosgene-free method for the synthesis of symmetrical organic carbonates via alkylation of metal carbonate with various alkyl halides and sulfonates in 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate, [bmim][PF6], as an ecofriendly reaction media. Alkylation of metal carbonate in various ionic liquids with 1-bromo-3-phenylpropane (1a) as a model reactant has thoroughly been investigated. Potassium and cesium carbonates appeared to be the most suitable metal carbonate due to their high solubility in ionic liquids. Besides good to excellent yields, this simple and convenient methodology is devoid of highly toxic and harmful chemicals such as phosgene and carbon monoxide, which is an additional advantage.