Synthesis of Highly Crystalline NH2‑MIL-125 (Ti) with S‑Shaped Water Isotherms for Adsorption Heat Transformation

NH2-MIL-125 has been investigated as a water adsorbent because of its high hydrothermal stability and S-shaped water adsorption isotherm. Herein, we report the synthesis of NH2-MIL-125 with high surface area and water capacity for an adsorption heat transformation (AHT) system. NH2-MIL-125 derived from Ti­(BuO)4 shows higher surface area and water uptake than those of Ti­(iPrO)4-derived samples regardless of the synthesis method. In a sense of crystallinity, a solvothermal method with static conditions generated more distinct crystalline properties than the one synthesized by a reflux reaction as confirmed from powder X-ray diffraction analysis, UV–vis absorbance spectra, and scanning electron microscopy images. Considering it as an adsorbent for an AHT system, the Ti­(BuO)4-derived sample synthesized by a solvothermal method shows an ideal S-shaped isotherm with a steep rise in water uptake at lower relative pressure (0.550 g/g at P/P0 = 0.30), which is attributed to narrow triangle apertures and hydrophilic functional groups. This material shows the dynamic water adsorption/desorption cycle without any noticeable weight change.