Synthesis, Stereochemical Separation, and Biological Evaluation of Selective Inhibitors of Human MAO-B: 1-(4-Arylthiazol-2-yl)-2-(3-methylcyclohexylidene)hydrazines

Novel 1-(4-arylthiazol-2-yl)-2-(3-methylcyclohexylidene)hydrazine derivatives have been investigated for their ability to inhibit selectively the activity of the human B isoform of monoamine oxidase. These compounds were obtained as racemates and (R)-enantiomers by a stereoconservative synthetic pattern in high yield and enantiomeric excess. The (S)-enantiomers of the most active derivatives have been separated by enantioselective HPLC. All compounds showed selective activity against hMAO-B with IC50 ranging between 21.90 and 0.018 μM.