Stereodivergency of Triazolium and Imidazolium-Derived NHCs for Catalytic, Enantioselective Cyclopentane Synthesis

2009-02-05T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Juthanat Kaeobamrung Jeffrey W. Bode
Chiral triazolium- and imidazolium-derived N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts promote the direct annulation of α,β-unsaturated aldehydes and achiral α-hydroxy enones to afford cyclopentane-fused lactones with high enantioselectivity. Remarkably, otherwise structurally identical imidazolium and triazolium precatalysts afford different major products. These studies provide both an efficient entry to valuable chiral structures and a dramatic demonstration of stereodivergency of chiral imidazolium versus triazolium-derived N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts.