Stereochemical Structure Activity Relationship Studies (S-SAR) of Tetrahydrolipstatin

Tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), its enantiomer, and an additional six diastereomers were evaluated as inhibitors of the hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl butyrate by porcine pancreatic lipase. IC50s were found for all eight stereoisomers ranging from a low of 4.0 nM for THL to a high of 930 nM for the diastereomer with the inverted stereocenters at the 2,3,2′-positions. While the enantiomer of THL was also significantly less active (77 nM) the remaining five stereoisomers retained significant inhibitory activities (IC50s = 8.0 to 20 nM). All eight compounds were also evaluated against three human cancer cell lines (human breast cancers MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, human large-cell lung carcinoma H460). No appreciable cytotoxicity was observed for THL and its seven diastereomers, as their IC50s in a MTT cytotoxicity assay were all greater than 3 orders of magnitude of camptothecin.