Stability of Polydopamine Coatings on Gold Substrates Inspected by Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging

2018-03-05T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Wei Yang Chanjuan Liu Yi Chen
Polydopamine (PDA)-based surface modification has been used in a variety of fields. However, a vague impression on the stability of PDA still exists due to a lack of systematic studies. To ascertain the issue and make better use of this surface modification method, a technique of surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) was exploited to study the stability of PDA coated on gold surface. The results showed that PDA-coating stability was largely dependent on the pH of aqueous solutions, giving detachment ratios up to 66% and 80% at pH 1.0 and pH 14.0, respectively. However, increasing the ionic strength of aqueous solutions could reduce the detachment of PDA in strong acid and strong alkali conditions. Besides, organic solvents also made a difference on the PDA-coating stability. Among the tested 10 kinds of organic solvents, including <i>n</i>-hexane, toluene, ethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, ethyl acetate, isopropanol, acetone, acetonitrile, dimethylformamide (DMF), and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), DMSO caused the most serious detachment of PDA, up to 56%, followed by DMF with a detachment ratio of 31%. Ultrasonication caused less than 10% detachment of the coated PDA. It should be mentioned that the PDA coatings deposited on gold surface were not detached completely in all the test conditions, even at pH 14.0 (ca. 20% PDA retained). In alkaline conditions, detachment competes with further polymerization, which gave a slight increase of the SPRi signals at pH 9.0–11.0. Based on the obtained information about PDA-coating stability, thickness-controllable and alkali-resistant PDA coatings were prepared. Moreover, the alkali-resistant PDA coatings remained reactive to biomolecules, supporting further functionalization of PDA coatings.