SmI2-Promoted Reformatsky-Type Reaction and Acylation of Alkyl 1-Chlorocyclopropanecarboxylates

In the presence of HMPA in THF, highly stereoselective SmI2-promoted substitutions of alkyl 1-chlorocyclopropanecarboxylates 1 using various ketones, aldehydes (Reformatsky-type reaction), and acyl chlorides (acylation) proceeded to give trans-adducts (2 or 5) in good to high yield with excellent trans-stereoselectivity (trans-add/cis-add = > 99/1). The Reformatsky-type reaction of 1 with aldehydes and unsymmetrical ketones proceeded with moderate diastereoselectivity (re-face-adduct/si-face-adduct = 60/40−75/25).