Simple Purification and Immobilization of His-Tagged Organophosphohydrolase from Cell Culture Supernatant by Metal Organic Frameworks for Degradation of Organophosphorus Pesticides

Coordinating unsaturated metal sites (CUS) on the surface of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) could be used to adsorb His-tagged proteins. The specific adsorption between CUS and His-tagged proteins could reduce preparation steps, shorten preparation time, and could also avoid the binding between the metal ion of metalloenzyme active center and the chelating agent to ensure the enzyme activity. In this study, MIL-88A was synthesized by hydrothermal method and used to purify and immobilize His-tagged organophosphohydrolase (OpdA) in one step for organophosphate bioremediation. Under optimized conditions, OpdA@MIL-88A had a maximal activity of 1554 U/gprotein, which was nearly 5 times higher than free OpdA. Compared with free OpdA, OpdA@MIL-88A exhibited improved organic solvent tolerance, SDS tolerance, thermal stability, and storage stability. OpdA@MIL-88A was used to degrade organophosphorus pesticides on grapes and cucumbers. After reuse 6 times, OpdA@MIL-88A retained more than 66% and 61% of the initial activity, respectively. Therefore, this proposed strategy provided a facile and effective method for degradation of organophosphorus pesticides.