Second-Harmonic Generation within the P212121 Space Group, in a Series of Chiral (Salicylaldiminato)tin Schiff Base Complexes
2006-03-07T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
A series of 10 (2−11) new chiral (salicylaldiminato)tin Schiff base complexes obtained from the Schiff base condensation of 4-(diethylamino)salicylaldehyde and various amino acids, in the presence of diphenyltin oxide, is reported together with the parent achiral (1) derivative. Compounds 2−7 crystallize in the P212121 orthorhombic space group, and their quadratic nonlinear optical properties are investigated. At the molecular level, the derivatives possess similar electronic spectra (λmax ≈ 395 nm), and hence molecular hyperpolarizabilities (β), in relation to the same π-conjugated “push−pull” electronic structure. In the solid state, they exhibit efficiencies in second-harmonic generation (SHG) up to 8 times that of urea. The SHG intensities of chromophores 2−6 appear largely correlated with a simple “degree of chirality” (dχ) parameter, defined from the molecular geometries. The intriguing issue of a possible quantification of chirality by means of SHG measurement is addressed.