Rigid Core Anthracene and Anthraquinone Linked Nitronyl and Iminoyl Nitroxide Biradicals
2016-05-25T17:18:37Z (GMT) by
The first syntheses of bis(nitronyl nitroxide) and bis(iminoyl nitroxide) (diNN, diIN) biradicals linked through rigid acene core conjugating anthracene (A) and anthraquinone (AQ) units are reported. Computational modeling predicts weak intramolecular exchange in AQ-linked systems, but A-linked biradicals to have ground state multiplicities consistent with the Borden-Davidson disjointness model. Solution electron spin resonance spectra showed inter-radical exchange-coupled triplet states, except for 2,6-AQ biradicals showing isolated spin spectra. Crystallography of the A-linked biradicals shows a key role for inter-radical contacts for molecular packing. DiINs showed lower-dimensional dyad packing with disorder at the radical units: the conformationally more symmetrical diNNs gave staircase one-dimensional or brickwork two-dimensional lattices. Core anthracene unit stacking was only seen in two systems with bromine on the central anthracene ring: the (large) bromine occupies alternate side placement in dyad stacks for the diIN, chain stacks for the diNN. Magnetism of 2,7-A-linked systems showed predominant ferromagnetic intramolecular triplet-singlet splitting of 24–28 K for diNNs and 8 K for diINs, plus weak antiferromagnetic (AFM) interactions from intermolecular contacts. The 2,6-A-linked biradicals showed AFM exchange between spins. Both A and AQ cores offer possibilities for electronic material development, with a combination of multiple radical spins and π-electron-rich acene cores.