Regioselective Base-Free Intermolecular Aminohydroxylations of Hindered and Functionalized Alkenes

Regioselective base-free intermolecular aminohydroxylations of functionalized trisubstituted and 1,1-disubstituted alkenes employing benzoyloxycarbamate 3a and catalytic OsO4 are described. In all cases, the more substituted alcohol isomer is favored. Sluggish reactions could be promoted by gentle heating, the use of amine ligands, or increased catalyst loadings. A competitive rearrangement was observed with a secondary allylic alcohol substrate. The adducts serve as useful precursors to dehydroamino acids.