Regio- and Stereoselective Synthesis of a Library of Bioactive Dispiro-Oxindolo/Acenaphthoquino Andrographolides via 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition Reaction Under Microwave Irradiation

Dispiro-pyrrolidino/pyrrolizidino fused oxindoles/acenaphthoquinones have been derived from andrographolide via azomethine ylide cycloaddition to the conjugated double-bond under microwave (MW) irradiation. The reactions are chemo-, stereo-, and regioselective in nature. Change in amino acid from sarcosine/<i>N</i>-benzyl glycine to l-proline changes the regiochemistry. A representative library of 40 compounds along with in vitro anticancer evaluation is reported.