Rational Design of Hierarchical Nanotubes through Encapsulating CoSe2 Nanoparticles into MoSe2/C Composite Shells with Enhanced Lithium and Sodium Storage Performance

Transition-metal diselenides have been extensively studied as desirable anode candidates for both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) because of their high theoretical capacities. However, it is of great challenge to achieve satisfactory cycling performance, especially for larger sodium ion storage, originated from electrode deterioration upon large volume change. Herein, we reported the construction of hierarchical tubular hybrid nanostructures through encapsulating CoSe2 nanoparticles into MoSe2/C composite shells via a simple two-step strategy including a hydrothermal method followed by vapor-phase selenization process. The unique tubular structure enables the highly reversible Li/Na storage with high specific capacity, enhanced cycling stability, and superior rate performance. It is indicated that the contribution of partial pseudocapacitive behavior greatly improves the rate capability for SIBs, where a high capacity retention of 81.5% can be obtained when the current densities range from 0.1 to 3 A g–1 (460 mA h g–1 at 0.1 A g–1 vs 379 mA h g–1 at 3 A g–1). This work provides an effective design rationale on transition-metal diselenide-based tubular nanostructures as superior hosts for both Li and Na ions, which could push forward the development of practical applications of transition-metal diselenide-based anodes in LIBs and SIBs.