Phosphine-Catalyzed Doubly Stereoconvergent γ‑Additions of Racemic Heterocycles to Racemic Allenoates: The Catalytic Enantioselective Synthesis of Protected α,α-Disubstituted α‑Amino Acid Derivatives

2015-12-17T08:51:21Z (GMT) by Marcin Kalek Gregory C. Fu
Methods have recently been developed for the phosphine-catalyzed asymmetric γ-addition of nucleophiles to readily available allenoates and alkynoates to generate useful α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds that bear a stereogenic center in either the γ or the δ position (but not both) with high stereoselectivity. The utility of this approach would be enhanced considerably if the stereochemistry at both termini of the new bond could be controlled effectively. In this report, we describe the achievement of this objective, specifically, that a chiral phosphepine can catalyze the stereoconvergent γ-addition of a racemic nucleophile to a racemic electrophile; through the choice of an appropriate heterocycle as the nucleophilic partner, this new method enables the synthesis of protected α,α-disubstituted α-amino acid derivatives in good yield, diastereoselectivity, and enantioselectivity.