Oxidation of cis- and trans-3,5-Di-tert-butyl-3,5-diphenyl-1,2,4-trithiolanes:  Isolation and Properties of the 1-Oxides and the 1,2-Dioxides

Oxidation of trans-3,5-di-tert-butyl-3,5-diphenyl-1,2,4-trithiolane with dimethyldioxirane (DMD) or m-chloroperbenzoic acid (MCPBA) gave two stereoisomeric (1S*,3S*,5S*)- and (1R*,3S*,5S*)-1-oxides (16 and 17, respectively). Oxidation of 16 with DMD gave the (1S*,2R*,3S*,5S*)-1,2-dioxide (18) and the 1,1-dioxide 19, and that of 17 yielded the (1R*,2R*,3S*,5S*)-1,2-dioxide (20) mainly along with 18 and 19. The structures of the 1,2-dioxides 18 and 20 were determined by X-ray crystallography. 1,2-Dioxides 18 and 20 isomerized to each other in solution, and the equilibrium constant K (20/18) is 19 in CDCl3 at 295 K. The kinetic study suggested a biradical mechanism for the isomerization. Isomerization of 16 and 17 to cis-3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2,4-trithiolane 1-oxides by treatment with Me3O+BF4- is also described.