Order, Disorder, and Dynamics in Brownmillerite Sr2Fe2O5

The room-temperature structure of brownmillerite-type Sr2Fe2O5 remains controversial, despite numerous published crystallographic studies utilizing X-ray, neutron, and electron diffraction data collected on single-crystalline and powder samples. The main disagreements concern the ordering of twisted FeO4 tetrahedral chains within and between the layers stacked along the b axis, and the impact of this ordering on oxide-ionic conductivity. Here, we present new data along with a reinterpretation of previously published diffraction images, including the reassignment of satellite reflections, which harmonize the results of past studies in a unified description of tetrahedral chain ordering in Sr2Fe2O5 at length scales relevant to X-ray and neutron diffraction. Implications for the prevailing model of oxide ion transport in this material are also discussed.