N-Heterocyclic Pyridylmethylamines: Synthesis, Complexation, Molecular Structure, and Application to Asymmetric Suzuki–Miyaura and Oxidative Coupling Reactions

The synthesis of N,N-bidentate ligands based on a π-deficient N-heterocyclic pyridylmethylamine core is described. The preparation and characterization of the corresponding N,N-ligand–palladium complexes in solution and the solid state are illustrated. Pd complexes showed a good yield and moderate catalytic activity (up to 40% ee) in the asymmetric Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reaction, leading to methoxybinaphthyl derivatives. The combination of <i>N</i>,<i>N</i>-pyridylmethylamines with cuprous iodide revealed effective catalytic systems in oxidative naphthol derivative coupling reactions, affording the corresponding binaphthyls in high yields and with enantioselectivities of up to 61%.