Modification of Ozone Deposition and I2 Emissions at the Air–Aqueous Interface by Dissolved Organic Carbon of Marine Origin

2016-02-18T19:13:50Z (GMT) by Marvin D. Shaw Lucy J. Carpenter
The reaction between gaseous ozone (O3) and aqueous iodide (I) at the surface microlayer (SML) is believed to be a major chemical contributor to the oceanic dry deposition of O3 over open ocean waters and has also recently been shown to produce environmentally significant quantities of gaseous molecular iodine (I2). Here we investigate how this reaction is affected by the presence of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of marine origin, using a heterogeneous flow reactor and detection of gaseous I2 by solvent trapping and UV/vis spectroscopy. Ozone deposition measurements over coastal seawater implied an O3 reactivity (λ) toward coastal marine DOC of ∼500 (420–580) s–1, 2–5 times higher than that toward iodide at typical ocean concentrations (∼0.5–1 × 10–7 M). We added varying amounts of highly concentrated DOC extracted from coastal seawater to I solutions (1 × 10–5 M) such that the relative reactivities of DOC and I toward O3DOCI) were in the expected range for natural seawater. The evolution of gaseous I2 and the loss of aqueous I both reduced as DOC concentrations increased, with an overall suppression of I2 emissions of about a factor of 2 under conditions of λDOCI representative of open ocean waters (0.5–1). A kinetic model of the SML suggested that neither competition of DOC with I for reaction with interfacial O3, nor direct loss of I2 and hypoiodous acid (HOI) through reaction with increasing quantities of DOC, can fully explain these results. We conclude that the suppression of I2 emissions by DOC is largely a physical effect arising from a decrease in the net transfer of I2 from the aqueous to gas phase, as suggested by recent laboratory studies.