Mode of Adsorption of (CH3)2Au(acac) onto Partially Dehydroxylated Silica

The deposition of volatile cis-(CH3)2Au(O,O′-acac) onto silica partially dehydroxylated at 400 °C leads to molecular dispersion of the organogold complex. X-ray absorption near-edge structure demonstrates that the gold retains its oxidation state upon binding. IR and 1H magic-angle spinning NMR spectra suggest that the molecular framework also remains intact. Computational models involving hydroxyl-terminated octasilsesquioxane cube clusters to represent silica predict the most energetically favorable interaction to be hydrogen-bonding between two surface hydroxyls and the oxygen donor atoms of the chelated acetylacetonate ligand. This mode of adsorption was confirmed by analysis of the IR and the Au LIII edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure. The surface hydroxyls most likely to participate in the attachment of the gold complex to silica are vicinal silanol pairs that are not involved in hydrogen bonding to other silanols.