Micellar Affinity Gradient Focusing:  A New Method for Electrokinetic Focusing

This report describes a new method for the concentration and separation of neutral and/or hydrophobic analytes based on a combination of the analytes' electrophoretic mobility, and affinity for partitioning into a micellar phase. Micellar affinity gradient focusing (MAGF) works by creating a gradient in the micellar retention factor. An electric field is applied along the channel to cause the (negatively charged) micelles to move from the region of high retention to the region of low retention, and the mobile phase is forced to move from the region of low retention to the region of high retention. Consequently, the analyte moves into the gradient region from both directions where it is concentrated at a point where its total velocity is zero. Different analytes, which interact differently with the micelles, will have zero total velocity at different points along the gradient, and will thereby be simultaneously concentrated and separated.