Mesoporous Carbon Nanospheres Featured Fluorescent Aptasensor for Multiple Diagnosis of Cancer in Vitro and in Vivo

Multiple diagnosis of cancer by a facile fluorescent sensor is extremely attractive. Herein, a Cy3-labeled ssDNA probe (P0-Cy3) was π–π stacked on the surface of oxidized mesoporous carbon nanospheres (OMCN) to construct the fluorescent “turn-on” aptasensor. Attributing to the intrinsic properties of OMCN, the OMCN-based aptasensor not only can be used to detect mucin1 protein in liquid with a wide range of 0.1–10.6 μmol/L, a low detection limit of 6.52 nmol/L, and good selectivity, but also can quantify the cancer cells in solution with the linear range of 104–2 × 106 cells/mL and a detection limit of 8500 cells/mL. Fascinatingly, this OMCN-based aptasensor was exploited to image cancer via solid tissues such as cells, tissue sections, and ex vivo and in vivo tumors, in which the obvious distinguishability between cancer and normal tissues was clearly demonstrated. This is a robust and simple detection technique, which can well achieve the multiple diagnosis of cancer in vitro and in vivo.