Mechanism and Selectivity of Methyl and Phenyl Migrations in Hypervalent Silylated Iminoquinones

2014-12-19T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Sukesh Shekar Seth N. Brown
Chlorosilanes R­(X)­(Y)­SiCl (R = Me, Ph; X, Y = Me, Ph, Cl) have been reported to react with Pb­(ONOQ)2 (ONOQ = 3,5-di-tert-butyl-1,2-quinone-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-oxy-1-phenyl)­imine) to give five-coordinate (X)­(Y)­Si­(ON­[R]­O), in which the R group has migrated from silicon to nitrogen. This migration is intramolecular, as confirmed by the lack of crossover between (CH3)3SiCl and (CD3)3SiCl in their reaction with Pb­(ONOQ)2. Reaction of PhSiMeCl2 takes place with high kinetic stereoselectivity to produce isomer Ph­(Cl)­Si­(ON­[Me]­O) in which the phenyl is axial in the trigonal bipyramid, which subsequently isomerizes to the thermodynamic isomer with axial chlorine. This indicates that migration takes place preferentially from the stereoisomer of the octahedral intermediate, κ3-Ph­(CH3)­(Cl)­Si­(ONOQ), in which the phenyl and methyl groups are mutually trans, indicating that the observed complete selectivity for methyl over phenyl migration is due to intrinsic differences in migratory aptitude. DFT calculations suggest that migration takes place from this isomer not because it undergoes migration faster than other possible stereoisomers, but because it is formed most rapidly, and migration occurs faster than isomerization.