Mansouramycins A−D, Cytotoxic Isoquinolinequinones from a Marine Streptomycete

Chemical screening of the ethyl acetate extract from the marine-derived Streptomyces sp. isolate Mei37 resulted in five isoquinolinequinones, four new derivatives, mansouramycin A−D (1, 35), and the known 3-methyl-7-(methylamino)-5,8-isoquinolinedione (2). Their structures were elucidated by NMR and MS techniques and by comparison with related compounds. Cytotoxicity profiling of the mansouramycins in a panel of up to 36 tumor cell lines indicated significant cytotoxicity of several derivatives, with pronounced selectivity for non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, and prostate cancer cells.