Iron Complexes of (E)- and (Z)-1,2-Dichlorodisilenes

Novel disilene−iron complexes [(E)- (1E) and (Z)-(η2-R3SiClSiSiClSiR3)Fe(CO)4 (1Z), SiR3 = tBu2MeSi] were synthesized by the reaction of the corresponding tetrachlorodisilane with an excess amount of K2Fe(CO)4, and the structures of 1E and 1Z were determined by X-ray crystallography. These complexes constitute not only the first transition-metal complexes with E,Z-isomerism but also the first complexes with halogen-substituted disilene ligands. The initial formation of 1Z during the synthetic reaction and the slow one-way isomerization of 1Z to 1E are rationalized by the intervention of the corresponding silylene complex (R3SiCl2Si)(R3Si)SiFe(CO)4.