Iron-Catalyzed Ring-Opening Azidation and Allylation of O‑Heterocycles

We have established the first catalytic C–C and C–N bond formation reactions of O-heterocycles (e.g., tetrahydrofuran, phthalane, and lactone derivatives) using iron trichloride as a catalyst in the presence of TMSN3 or allylsilanes accompanied by the ring opening of O-heterocycles. The reactions smoothly proceeded at room temperature to give the corresponding primary saturated alcohols from the 2-substituted tetrahydrofurans, ortho-substituted benzyl alcohols from phthalanes, and saturated carboxylic acids from lactones in high yields.