Intermediate in the O−O Bond Cleavage Reaction of an Extradiol Dioxygenase,

2008-10-28T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Elena G. Kovaleva John D. Lipscomb
The reactive oxy intermediate of the catalytic cycle of extradiol aromatic ring-cleaving dioxygenases is formed by binding the catecholic substrate and O2 in adjacent ligand positions of the active site metal [usually Fe(II)]. This intermediate and the following Fe(II)−alkylperoxo intermediate resulting from oxygen attack on the substrate have been previously characterized in a crystal of homoprotocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase (HPCD). Here a subsequent intermediate in which the O−O bond is broken to yield a gem diol species is structurally characterized. This new intermediate is stabilized in the crystal by using the alternative substrate, 4-sulfonylcatechol, and the Glu323Leu variant of HPCD, which alters the crystal packing.