Influence of the Iodide to Bromide Ratio on Crystallographic and Optoelectronic Properties of Rubidium Antimony Halide Perovskites

Rubidium antimony halides are a promising low toxic alternative to organo-lead halide perovskites as photovoltaic material. In this contribution, we systematically investigate the influence of varying the bromide to iodide ratio on the structural, optical, and photovoltaic properties of Rb3Sb2­Br9–xIx (x = 0–9). Single crystal data reveal that all compounds crystallize in a 2D-layered monoclinic crystal structure. Sequential substitution of iodide with the smaller bromide does not change the crystal system; however, increasing the bromide content results in a shrinkage of the unit cell as well as in a blue shift of the absorption onset, increasing the band gap from 2.02 to 2.46 eV. Whereas the photovoltaic properties of bromide rich compounds are limited due to a preferential orientation of the layered structure parallel to the substrate, which is detrimental to charge transport, solar cells with Rb3Sb2I9 as absorber material display power conversion efficiencies of 1.37%. Moreover, the devices exhibit low hysteresis properties and are stable for more than 150 days stored under inert atmosphere.