In Situ Derived NixFe1–xOOH/NiFe/NixFe1–xOOH Nanotube Arrays from NiFe Alloys as Efficient Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Evolution

Herein, NixFe1–xOOH/NiFe/NixFe1–xOOH sandwich-structured nanotube arrays (SNTAs) supported on carbon fiber cloth (CFC) (NixFe1–xOOH/NiFe/NixFe1–xOOH SNTAs–CFC) have been developed as flexible high-performance oxygen evolution reaction (OER) catalysts by a facile in situ electrochemical oxidation of NiFe metallic alloy nanotube arrays during oxygen evolution process. Benefiting from the advantages of high conductivity, hollow nanotube array, and porous structure, NixFe1–xOOH/NiFe/NixFe1–xOOH SNTAs–CFC exhibited a low overpotential of ∼220 mV at the current density of 10 mA cm–2 and a small Tafel slope of 57 mV dec–1 in alkaline solution, both of which are smaller than those of most OER electrocatalysts. Furthermore, NixFe1–xOOH/NiFe/NixFe1–xOOH SNTAs–CFC exhibits excellent stability at 100 mA cm–2 for more than 30 h. It is believed that the present work can provide a valuable route for the design and synthesis of inexpensive and efficient OER electrocatalysts.