Imidazolium-Functionalized BINOL as a Multifunctional Receptor for Chromogenic and Chiral Anion Recognition

A novel imidazolium-functionalized BINOL fluorescent receptor R-1 was developed as a multifunctional receptor for both chromogenic and chiral anion recognition. The different fluorescent responses and color changes of R-1 could be applied to the detection of fluoride and acetate ions by the naked eye. Furthermore, the chiral recognition of the two enantiomers of α-amino carboxylates was also studied, and R-1 displayed a remarkable binding ability for the t-Boc alanine anion with an interesting enantioselectivity (KL/KD = 4.5).