Hiyama Cross-Coupling of Arenediazonium Salts under Mild Reaction Conditions

Palladium acetate [Pd­(OAc)2]-catalyzed Hiyama cross-coupling of arenediazonium salts with organosilanes was found to generate biaryl products in high yields in alcoholic solutions. The simple and efficient protocol does not require any bases, ligands, or air/moisture. The transformation can tolerate either electron-donating or electron-withdrawing functional groups. Theoretical studies show that the transmetalation is the rate-limiting step for the cross-coupling reaction and both acetate and tetrafluoroborate anions may be involved in the direct reaction with the silicon atom.