Group 4 Complexes of a New [OSSO]-Type Dianionic Ligand. Coordination Chemistry and Preliminary Polymerization Catalysis Studies

A straightforward synthesis of a new type of tetradentate dianionic [OSSO]-type ligand is described. This ligand features an ethylenedithiol core bridged via methylene groups to substituted phenols, thus representing an S analogue of the [ONNO]-type Salan ligands. The [OSSO]H<sub>2</sub> ligand precursor reacted with titanium(IV) isopropoxide and with zirconium(IV) <i>tert</i>-butoxide to give the corresponding [OSSO]−M(OR)<sub>2</sub> complexes, which formed as single <i>C</i><sub>2</sub>-symmetric isomers but were fluxional according to variable-temperature NMR. An X-ray structure of [OSSO]−Zr(O-t<i>-</i>Bu)<sub>2</sub> supported the <i>fac</i><i>−</i><i>fac</i> wrapping mode of the ligand. The dibenzyl complex [OSSO]−Zr(bn)<sub>2</sub> that was obtained by a reaction between the ligand precursor and tetrabenzylzirconium was found to be an active 1-hexene polymerization catalyst upon activation with B(C<sub>6</sub>F<sub>5</sub>)<sub>3</sub>, leading to a stereoirregular polymer despite its <i>C</i><sub>2</sub> symmetry.